Formation Skydiving

Formation Skydiving is the art of building formations or patterns in freefall. The discipline is executed either in the prone position (with belly to earth) or vertically (with either feet or head towards earth). A competition team consists of 4 or 8 performers, and one videographer. A competition consists of up to 10 rounds, and each round consists of up to 6 formations. The teams have a certain number of seconds to continually and correctly repeat the sequence of formations in freefall. Each correctly completed formation scores one point. The formations are drawn from an international pool of random and block formations. The random formations are singular formations with full separation of all grips between the performers both before and after building the formation. The blocks are double formations with a designated movement in between. The judging is based on the videographer's material, and is done objectively. Only the technical performance counts.

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Artistic Events

Artistic Events consist of a series of compulsory and free routines performed during 7 skydives. Teams consist of 1 or 2 performers and a cameraflyer. The freefall images of the cameraflyer are used for judging the performances. All two events show a wide variety of skills, using axes in all three dimensions. Judging criteria are separated in technical and presentation items. There are two events in the discipline: Freestyle and Freeflying.

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Canopy Formation

Teams of 4 or 2 performers, supported by a skydiving videographer score points. By building a 4 stack formation, once the initial formation (worth 1 point) is built, the top jumper rotates to the bottom of the stack to score another point. As soon as the rotating jumper is linked onto the bottom of the stack, the next skydiver on top may commence a rotation to the bottom, thus scoring an additional point, the event is called 4-way rotation. Or a teams of 2 (2-way Sequential) or 4 (4-way Sequential) skydivers, supported by a team videographer, have to complete a pre-determined series of formations within the working time. A point is scored for each formation correctly completed in accordance with a draw made at the start of the event.

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Canopy Piloting

Canopy Piloting involves a series of tasks designed to test a parachutist's ability to control his canopy and fly accurately. Each task starts with the parachutist navigating through a number of gates which are situated over water. The parachutist has one of three goals, depending on the task; complete the course in the shortest time, therefore having the highest speed; complete the water section and then land on a target as accurately as possible; achieve the longest distance from the entry gate before touching down.


Accuracy Landing

Competitors jump in teams of 5, exiting the aircraft at 1000 meters and opening their parachutes sequentially to allow each competitor a clear approach to the target. Their individual scores count for both the individual competition and for the team competition, the best of 4 is used. For the team event the maximum number of rounds is 8, with a minimum number of 5 required to qualify for an event.

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Freefall Style

Style demonstrates freefall control on the part of the competitor and the ability to perform a gymnastic pre-determined series of back-loops and turns as fast and cleanly as possible. This is judged today, from a video recording, using a ground based camera with an exceptional lens to record the performance. The competitor exits the aircraft at 2200 m and gathers speed in their fall position before starting the pre-designated series of manoeuvres. They are timed from the start of the manoeuvre until its completion. The maximum time scored is 16 seconds. The score is the time in seconds and hundredths of a second to complete the series plus penalty times awarded for incorrect performance of the manoeuvres.

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This unique discipline of the Parachuting competition events combines two sports - Giant Slalom and Accuracy Landings.
Each competitor makes two runs of a Giant Slalom course, designed an controlled by FIS under International Ski Regulations, and then six parachute jumps, exiting at 1000 mts intending to land onto an electronic recording landing pad with a 2 cm disc in the centre. To reflect the origins of this discipline, the landing pad must be located on a slope of between 25 and 35 degrees.


Speed SkydivingSpeed Skydiving

Speed skydiving is a new skydiving discipline with a definition as simple as it gets. It was developed in the last few years and represents the fastest non-motorized sport on Earth. In the essence, speed skydiving is the discipline where the only one aspect of the skydiving counts – freefall speed.
The speed achieved by human body in free fall is the function of two factors, body weight and body orientation. In stable, belly to earth position, terminal velocity of the human body is about 200 km/h (about 120 mph). Stable freefly head down position has a terminal speed around 240-290 km/h (around 150-180 mph). Further minimizing body drag and streamlining the body position allows to reach higher speeds in vicinity of 480 km/h (300 mph).

Wingsuit records

Judging of wingsuit records is a rapidly evolving process. It is also a highly technical process requiring knowledge of graphics software. The purpose of this study guide is acquaint judges with the general process in order to ensure a minimum standard of consistency.

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